Методические разработки по выполнению заданий по самостоятельной работе студентов по дисциплине «Иностранный язык (английский)»




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МЕТОДИЧЕСКИЕ РАЗРАБОТКИ ПО ВЫПОЛНЕНИЮ ЗАДАНИЙ ПО САМОСТОЯТЕЛЬНОЙ РАБОТЕ СТУДЕНТОВ

по дисциплине «Иностранный язык (английский)»

ПО НАПРАВЛЕНИЮ ПОДГОТОВКИ 031900.62 «МЕЖДУНАРОДНЫЕ ОТНОШЕНИЯ»

1 Курс

1 семестр

Unit 1. Вводно-коррективный курс. Презентация личности.

About Myself

  1. Для составления рассказа о себе используйте информацию из изученного вами нижеуказанного текста и выучите ваш рассказ наизусть.

About Myself

Let me introduce myself. My name is Alexander, Alec for short. My full name, is Alexander Sergeyevich Orlov. Orlov is my surname, Alexander is my first name and Sergeyevich is my patronymic. I am nearly nineteen — next Thursday is my birthday.

Now I am a first-year student at the University.

My parents have two more children besides me. Thus I have got an older brother and a younger sister. My sister Helen is just out of school. She is seventeen. She is very fond of music and her dream is to become a pianist.

My brother, whose name is Michael, is eight years my senior. He is twenty-seven already. He is a builder. He is married and has a family of his own. They are four in the family. He has a wife and two children — a son and a daughter. They are twins. His wife's name is Nina. She is a surgeon by profession. They are not in Leningrad. They are in the Far East.

My parents are not old at all. Father is fifty, and Mother is three years his junior. My grandfather is not yet a pensioner, though he is over seventy. He is still full of life and energy. Our grandparents are fond of us, their grandchildren and great grandchildren.

  1. Выполните следующие задания в тетради для самостоятельных работ:

А. Заполните пропуски have or have got в правильной форме:

1. He ... a cold in his head (насморк). That's nothing new; he always ... a cold. 2. You ... a match on you? — Sorry, I ... (negative). 3. Our cat .. . kittens every year. How many she ... each time? 4. You ... children? Yes, 1 ... two, a son and a daughter. 5. Customer: You . . . any mushrooms to-day? Shopkeeper: We usually ... them but I'm afraid we ... any at the moment (last verb negative).

Б. Заполните пропуски to be, to have and to have go в правильной форме:

^ A LETTER FROM ENGLAND

Dear Ann,

Thank you for your kind letter. I ... very pleased ... a letter from you, and to know that you and your husband ... well.

Today I ... free and ... time to write letters to my friends and relatives.

My brother's children, three nice boys, ... at school now and it ... quiet in the house.

The news from home ... that I ... now a 'grand-aunt', as my niece ... a baby now, a little daughter. Her name .. . Elizabeth, Liz for short. She ... a little darling and they ... all very charmed with her. We ... glad ... a baby in the family. My niece's husband ... not in London. He ... a nice house not far from Edinburgh and my sister's family ... there with him. I ... some little presents for my 'grand-niece'.

How .. . your children? Where . . . your son now? ... he still abroad? He ... married, . . . he? . . . you any grandchildren?

Please write to me as often as possible.

I ... always glad to hear from you.

Remember me to your people at home.

Love from

Jane

^ Unit 2. Описание внешности. Черты характера.

Appearance and Character

(My friend)

  1. Для подготовки монологического сообщения по теме прочтите и переведите данный текст, используя словарь и нижеуказанную лексику.

  2. Опишите реальную внешность и характер вашего друга в тетради для самостоятельных работ, используя представленный лексический материал.

  3. Выучите ваше описание наизусть.

The attitude of people to a person depend on many things: his character, mind, manners, behaviour, abilities and appearance. If a person good-looking he feels more confident. Unfortunately, to be pretty or handsome doesn’t mean to be happy. Very often beautiful people are stupid, stubborn and arrogant. And unattractive people can be intelligent, kind and generous. That’s why people say: “Do not judge by appearance”.

I have many friends, but Jane Brown and Andy Johnson are my special friends. Andy is tall (short) and lean. Jane is middle-sized (of medium size). She isn’t slim, she is pretty plump. Andy is strong and well-built. As for Jane, she doesn’t care about her figure. She is never on a diet and hates doing morning exercises. That’s why she often puts on weight.

John took after his father in appearance and character. His face is long and thin (square). His features are regular and stern a bit. His complexion is ruby (fair, dark, clear). His forehead is broad (doomed) and high (law, narrow). He has got large (small) wide-set (close-set) and deep-set eyes (building eyes). They are hazel (green, steel-grey). People remember his eyes because they are piercing (curious, prying). His nose is straight (aquiline, hooked). His cheeks are hollow (plump, chubby). He has got thin (full, thick) lips. He is brunette (blond). He has got chestnut (auburn, red, dark, black) straight thick (thin) hair.

Jane looks like (resembles) her mother. She is a blue-eyed girl. Everybody admires her expressive shining eyes. She has got thick long curving eye-lashes. Her eyebrows are penciled (bushy, arched), her nose is small and snub (turned up). Jane has plump cheeks with dimples in them. She never worries about her hairdo (hairstyle), because she has got beautiful, long, thick, curly (wavy) hair. She thinks she would look nicer with a short haircut, and she wants to change the colour of her hair, but her mother doesn’t let her do it. To look more attractive she sometimes wears make-up: she puts a little black mascara on her eyelashes and some eye shadow on her eyelids. She hates lipstick and never applies it (puts it on) because she believes that her well-cut lips are good enough.

As for their characters, I kike them both. Let me give a touch on Jane’s character. It is easy to get along with her. People find her sociable and easy-going. Nobody can call selfish (unselfish), greedy (generous), ill-bred (well-bred), angry (kind). She is reserved, modest (shy) and good-tempered (hot-tempered). I think she is of romantic nature, she is interested in music, art, theatre. She is keen on literature especially she likes poems. She is good at writing verses.

A lot of my classmates envy that my best (good, bosom, true, faithful) friend is Andy. I respect many traits of his character. He is honest, brave (courageous), cheerful with a good sense of humour. He is always the life and soul of the party.

I am proud of my friends because they are caring, faithful (sympathetic) and sincere. They are ready to help you when it is necessary.

We have much in common, we spend plenty of time together and I appreciate their charming (magnetic, dynamic, striking, strong) personalities more than their appearance (looks).

Stubborn – упрямый

Arrogant – надменный

A special friend – лучший друг

Well-built – крепкий, хорошо сложенный

To be on a dirt – сидеть на диете

To take after – унаследовать от

Stern – суровый

Complexion – цвет лица

Forehead – лоб

Bulging eyes – глаза навыкате

Prying eyes – любопытные глаза

Aquiline – орлиный

Auburn – темно-рыжий

To give a touch – затронуть, коснуться (в беседе)

Sociable – общительный

Easy-going – легкий в общении

To be keen on – увлекаться

To be life and sole – быть душой
Unit 3. Я и моя семья.

Для выполнения практического задания:

  1. Прочтите и переведите Текст 1 и ответьте на вопросы к тексту в письменной форме.

2. Выполните подстановочные и переводные упражнения.

3. Составьте план по теме «Каковы интересы молодого поколения» и изложите свои идеи в письменном виде.

Text 1. Family and Friendship

A 'typical' British family used to consist of mother, father and two children, but in recent years there have been many changes in family life. Some of these have been caused by new laws and others are the result of changes in society.

Members of a family — grandparents, aunts, uncles, cousins — keep in touch, but they see less of each other than they used to. This is because people often move away from their home town to work, and so the family becomes scattered. Christmas is the traditional season for reunions. Although the family group is smaller nowadays than it used to be, relatives often travel many miles in order to spend the holiday together.

In general, each generation is keen to become independent of parents in establishing its own family unit, and this fact can lead to social as well as geographical differences within the larger family group.

Relationships within the family are different now. Parents treat their children more as equals than they used to, and children have more freedom to make their own decisions. The father is more involved with bringing up children, often because the mother goes out to work. Increased leisure facilities and more money mean that there are greater opportunities for the individual to take part in activities outside the home. Although the family holiday is still an important part of family life (usually taken in August, and often abroad) many children have holidays away from their parents, often with a school party or other organized group.

Notes

cause — причинять, вызывать, быть причиной

scatter — разбрасывать, разрушать

reunion — воссоединение; встреча друзей, вечеринка

family reunion — сбор всей семьи

establish — основывать, создавать

facility —легкость; отсутствие препятствий; pl. возможности, благоприятные условия, льготы

increased — возросший, увеличенный

1. Answer the questions:

1. What does a "typical" family consist of?

2. Why do members of family see less of each other?

3. What is the traditional season for reunion? Why?

4. Is the young generation keen on independence? Give your reasons.

5. Do parents treat their children more as equal nowadays?

6. What about your family?

7. Is the family holiday an important part of family life in Britain?

8. What about your country?

9. What does a "typical" Russian family consist of?

^ 2. Fill in the missing words:

1. A "typical" British family... mother, father and two children.

2. Christmas is a traditional season for... .

3.... often travel many miles in order to spend the holiday

together. 4.... within the family are different now.

5. The father is more involved with ... children, often because the mother goes out to work.

6. There are greater... for the individual to take part in activities outside the home.

^ 3. Find the Russian equivalents for the following word-combinations:

family life; the results of changes, in society; members of a family; to move from home town; to spend the holiday together; each generation; to become independent-of parents; relationships within the family; to have more freedom; to make one's own decision; to bring up; greater opportunities; an important part of family life.

Unit 4. Мой дом, моя квартира.

Для выполнения практического задания:

1. Изучите тексты по теме и ответьте на вопросы к текстам.

2. Подготовьте описание своего жилья.
Our Flat

Text 1.
We recently got a new flat. It is a fine flat indeed.

We have a living-room, two bedrooms, a kitchen, a bath-room and a lavatory.

In the living-room we have our meals and gather in the evening.

In the kitchen mother cooks the food. Of course we have running water, a gas range and electric light. We also use electricity for our vacuum cleaner, refrigerator, for ironing clothes, and so on. In the living-room there is a big table, a cupboard, a sofa, an arm-chair and several chairs. On the beds there are big soft pillows with neat pillowcases, sheets and blankets. In every room we have a number of pictures on the walls.

Besides, in the living-room you can see a number of photos of all our relatives.

A radio set (wireless) stands on a special little table. We enjoy listening-in (to the radio). A few days ago we bought a TV set and yesterday we all came together to watch television.

^ WORDS AND EXPRESSIONS

recently - недавно

to get - получать

flat - квартира

indeed - в самом деле

living-room - общая комната

bed-room - спальня

kitchen - кухня

bathroom - ванная

lavatory - туалет

meal - еда

to gather -собираться вместе

running water - водопровод (в доме)

gas range - газовая плита

vacuum cleaner - пылесос

refrigerator - холодильник

ironing - утюжка

and so on - и так далее

cupboard - шкаф

sofa - диван

arm-chair - кресло

soft - мягкий ...

pillow - подушка

pillow-case - наволочка

neat - аккуратный

sheet - простыня

blanket - одеяло

a number - ряд

photo - фотография

listening-in - слушание (радио)

TV set (television set) - телевизор

to televise, to telecast - передавать по телевидению

Text 2.

Т.: "Where do you live?"

P.: "110, Lenin street."

Т.: "Have you got1 a flat there?"

P.: "Yes, we have. We've recently got a flat there."

Т.: "Oh! When did you move in?"

P.: "Only a fortnight ago."

Т.: "And where did you live before?"

P.: "Oft, we had quite decent rooms, but it was in an old house, which was to be pulled down2."

Т.: "Of course you find your new accommodation much better?"

P.: "Certainly. Our flat is on the third floor3 and it over4 looks a fine public garden with beautiful lime-trees and lots of flowers."

Т.: "You have got all modern conveniences in your new flat, haven't you?"

^ P.: "Yes, we have electricity, gas, running water, a radio set, a refrigerator: in fact everything."

Т.: "1 suppose you had to buy some new furniture for the new flat?"

P.: "As a matter of fact we bought quite a lot of pieces of furniture: a sofa, two bookcases, six chairs and a big new bed."

Т.: "Where did you get it all?"

P.: "Well, there's a furniture shop in the block where we live."

T. : "And how did you have it all brought4 to your fiat?"

P.: "We took a lorry. Of course the distance is quite small, but we could not carry it all."
^ WORDS AND EXPRESSIONS

to move in - вселиться

fortnight - две недели

decent - приличный

to find (found, found) - находить

accomodation - зд. квартирные условия

to overlook - выходить на

public garden - парк, сквер

lime-tree - липа

modern conveniences - современные

удобства

furniture - мебель

a piece of furniture - отдельный предмет мебели

bookcase - книжный шкаф

block - квартал

lorry - грузовик

transmission - передача
How do you like my room? - Как вам нравится моя комната?

I like it very much. - Она мне очень нравится.

On which floor do you live? - На каком этаже вы живете?

Have you got a lift in your house? - Есть ли у вас в доме лифт?

At what time do you go to bed? - В какое время вы ложитесь спать?

I go to bed at eleven о clock. - Я ложусь спать в 11 часов.
Questions

1. Where do you live?

2. Do you like listening-in (to the radio)?

3. Which radio programme do you like best?

4. Have you got a TV set?

5. Do you often watch television?

6. Are there many pictures in your room?

7. Do you go to bed early or late?

8. Have you a bathroom in your flat?

9. What furniture have you got?

10. Where do you keep your books?

11. What kinds of houses are pulled down and replaced by new ones?

12. Have you any arm-chairs in your flat? Do you like sitting in them?

13. How many windows are there in your room?

14. What do they overlook?

15. What floor do you live on?
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