Волгоградский государственный технический университет




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Exercise 6. Suppose you are to give a lecture on the current state of British economy. Here are some phrases to introduce the subject of your lecture:

I will concern myself with...

I will try to outline briefly some recent data on...

This is an attempt to introduce you to the...

I will speak about...
^ Exercise 7. Role play.

The group of students is divided into two teams. The first one represents businessmen from England, Wales and Scotland. The other one – journalists from Russia. They are interviewing the businessmen about the industries developed in their countries.
Text B.

Read and translate

Dialogue.
This is the dialogue between Anna Smirnova, a Russian teacher of English, and Bernard Law, a London University lecturer. Anna is leaving London for Edinburgh next Saturday morning.
Anna: Bernard, could you do me a favour?

Bernard: Year, sure. I’ll be glad to if I can.

A.: Next Saturday morning I’m going to Edinburgh by car. What cities would you advise me to see on my way there?

B.: Well, it’s going to be a long journey. When are you expected in Edinburgh?

A.: Next Tuesday afternoon.

B.: Then you should try to see Northern England with Manchester, Leeds and Bradford and Midlands with Birmingham, Coventry and Sheffield. They are the most northwest industrial cities.

A.: What are they famous for?

B.: Well, the wool industry is centred in Bradford and Leeds. Other industries of these cities include the making of locomotives, agricultural implements, heavy iron and steel goods of all kinds, chemicals, glass, leather goods, artificial silk and pottery.

A.: And what about Manchester?

B.: You see, it’s the centre of cotton industry with a population of nearly one million. The University of Manchester, founded in 1880, is famous for its modern studies.

A.: Ah... that’s worth knowing. And I’ve heard that the district of Birmingham is known as the Black Country. Is it really so heavily industrialized?

B.: Oh, sure. It is a land of factories and mines and it owes its importance to iron industry. Iron goes to the steel, heavy machinery and shipbuilding industries of Newcastle and other cities.

A.: I wonder how they transport all these goods to other cities and countries? As far as I know Birmingham doesn’t have outlet on the sea-coast and doesn’t stand on any great river.

B.: You’re right. The nearest port is Liverpool - the main port of western England. It is first in Great Britain in export and comes second after London in imports. But most of the goods are transported to London and then distributed to different parts of the world.

A.: Bernard, you’ve mentioned Coventry as one of the industrial cities of Midland and I’d love to do the sights of this town to tell my friends about this Volgograd’s twin city.

B.: I have never heard about it. How interesting! What do they have in common?

A.: Don’t you know? Both Volgograd and Coventry were badly destroyed during World War II. Nowadays these cities exchange delegations and their contribution to Russian-British cooperation is appreciable.

B.: Then you should try to visit this city. I suggest you should spend at least a few hours in Coventry and see the Cathedral.

A.: I certainly will. Oh, I’m afraid I’ve taken up too much of your time. Thank you very much. I really appreciate your help.

B.: My pleasure. Enjoy your stay in Britain.
^ Exercise 1. Match English world with their Russian equivalents:

Railway carriages

Автомобили

Motor cars

горно-добывающая промышленность

Agricultural implements

сельскохозяйственные орудия

Cutlery

железнодорожные вагоны

Shipbuilding

изделия из кожи

Leather goods

изделия из стекла

Artificial silk

Судостроение

Glass goods

ножевые изделия

Mining

искусственный шелк

Pottery

гончарные изделия


Exercise 2. Make up sentences using the table.

Shipbuilding







Motor cars, bicycles




Sheffield

Agricultural implements




Liverpool

Cutlery, special steel




Newcastle

Locomotives

to be developed in

Leeds

Chemicals




Birmingham

Glass, leather goods




Manchester

Wool industry




Coventry

Cotton industry

to be manufactured in

Bradford

Artificial silk




Glasgow

Pottery




London

Aircraft construction




the Black Country


Exercise 3. Answer the questions.

  1. What are the biggest industrial centres of the U. K.?

  2. What are chief industries of the country?

  3. What articles are manufactured in the Black Country?

  4. Name the greatest ports and shipbuilding centres of Britain.

  5. What cities are British textile centres?

  6. What English city is the twin town of Volgograd?

  7. What is Liverpool famous for?

  8. What are the main English ports?


Exercise 4. Enumerate the main industries developed in your city.
Exercise 5. Learn the dialogue by heart and act it out.
Exercise 7. Role play involving the whole group.

Imagine that some of you are British students from London, Liverpool, Manchester, Birmingham, Sheffield, Leeds and the other are students from Volgograd. Discuss the industrial potential of the cities you come from.
UNIT IV.
LONDON
Read and translate.

Text A.
London is one of the most exciting and cosmopolitan cities in the world. To some – it is simply home, a place to live and work in, while to others who only visit – it means a city of history and culture, full of museums, galleries and historic buildings. But both visitors and residents appreciate its rich heritage, its fine architecture and amazing diversity of cultures. London’s most famous sights range from the historic Tower of London and the Changing of the Guard at Buckingham Palace to the everyday views with its black cabs and red double-decker buses.

The heart of London is the City, the oldest area, which is rich in historic traditions. Today it is well known as one of the world’s leading financial and commercial centres, where all the major British and foreign banks and finance houses are represented.

The Tower of London comes first among the historic buildings of the City. If you want to get some glimpses of London it’s just from here that you had better start sightseeing. The Tower of London was founded by Julius Caesar and rebuilt in1066 by William the Conqueror. The Tower served as fortress, palace and state prison. Its history is associated with the place of murder and execution. Now it is a museum of armour and attracts thousand of visitors. The large black ravens have a long association with the Tower; it is believed that if they ever disappear England will fall and that ill-fortune will befall anyone who harms them. Consequently they are very well cared for.

A twenty minutes walk from the Tower will take you to another historic building – St. Paul’s Cathedral, the greatest of English churches. It was built by a famous English architect Sir Christopher Wren, who spent 35 years of his life supervising every part of its construction. St. Paul’s Cathedral with its huge dome and rows of columns is considered to be a fine specimen of Renaissance architecture. Nelson and other great men of England are buried in the Cathedral.

Not far away, in Westminster another important part of London where most of the Government buildings are situated is Westminster Abbey. Many outstanding English statesmen, painters and poets with Newton, Darwin and Tennyson among them are buried here. Westminster Abbey has been the coronation place of all 39 English Kings and Queens since William the Conqueror in 1066.

Across the road from Westminster Abbey there is Westminster Palace, the seat of the British Parliament. Its two graceful towers stand high above the city. The higher of the two contains the largest clock in the country and the famous Big Ben. The name actually refers not to the clock tower or the clock itself but to the huge 13,5-ton bell that strikes every quarter of the hour.

If we walk along Whitehall which is not at all a hall but just a street where the chief government offices are to be found, we shall soon come to Trafalgar Square. It was so named in memory of the victory at the battle of Trafalgar, where on October 21, 1805 the English fleet under Nelson’s command defeated the combined fleet of France and Spain. The victory was won at the cost of Nelson’s life. In the middle of Trafalgar Square stands Nelson’s monument – a tall column with the figure of Nelson at its top. The column is guarded by four bronze lions. Nowadays Trafalgar Square is a favourite gathering place for both locals and visitors.

The fine building facing the square is the National Gallery and adjoining it (but just round the corner) is the Portrait Gallery.

Not far away is the British Museum – the biggest museum in London. It contains the priceless collection of different things: ancient manuscripts, coins, sculptures, etc. The British museum is famous for its library – one of the richest in the world.

Buckingham Palace has been the London residence of the Queen since the 18th century. It is around Buckingham Palace and nearby St James’s Palace that London’s most powerful pageantry takes place, where the sights of the daily Changing of the Guard, or the procession of Life Guards riding down the Mall cannot fail to attract attention.

And you cannot leave the city without visiting one more place of interest – Hyde Park (or “the Park” as Londoners call it) with Kensington Gardens adjoining it in the west is the largest in London. When you are walking along its shady avenues, sitting on the grass, admiring its beautiful flowerbeds or watching swans and ducks floating on the ponds, it seems almost unbelievable that all around there is a large city with its heavy traffic and smoke.
^ Exercise 1. Find English equivalents of the following.

Завоеватель, наследство, разнообразие, пышное зрелище, смена караула, ценою жизни, купол, достопримечательности, местные жители, казнь, несчастье, ворон, образец, невероятный, древний, торговый, изящный, примыкающий, восхищаться, привлекать внимание, хоронить, высоко ценить, исчезать, наносить поражение, причинять вред, приключаться.
Exercise 2. Answer the questions.

  1. What is London famous for?

  2. What's the City? Where is it situated?

  3. What building is considered to be one of the oldest in London?

  4. Who was the Tower of London founded by?

  5. What beliefs are associated with the Tower?

  6. Do you know the famous Englishmen who are buried in St. Paul’s Cathedral?

  7. In what part of London are the most important Government buildings situated?

  8. Which street leads to Trafalgar Square?

  9. How is Admiral Nelson’s victory commemorated?

  10. Where is the National Gallery situated?

  11. Why does Buckingham Palace attract so much attention?

  12. What kind of museum is the British Museum?

  13. Why are Londoners proud of their parks?


Exercise 3. Describe the most fascinating place in London.
Exercise 4. Fill in prepositions.

Scotland Yard is the headquarters ... the Metropolitan Police ... London ... most people, its name immediately brings ... mind the picture ... a detective - cool, collected, efficient, ready to track down any criminal.

Scotland Yard is situated ... the Thames Embankment close ... the Houses ... Parliament and the familiar clock tower ... Big Ben. The name ‘‘Scotland Yard’’ originates ... the plot ... land adjoining Whitehall Palace where, ... about the 14th century, the royalty and nobility ... Scotland stayed when visiting the English Court. The popular nickname ... the London policeman ‘‘bobby’’ is a tribute ... Sir Robert Peel, who introduced the police force ... 1829, and whose Christian name attached itself ... members ... the force.
^ Exercise 5. Translate from Russian into English.

A.1) Лондон – один из самых больших и интересных городов мира. 2) В Лондоне и его пригородах проживают около 8 миллионов человек. 3) Западная часть Лондона – самая богатая часть города с прекрасными проспектами, фешенебельными магазинами, ресторанами и отелями. 4) Лондон известен своими архитектурными памятниками и бесценными коллекциями произведений искусства. 5) Букингемский дворец – Лондонская резиденция королевской семьи. 6) Смена караула у ворот Букингемского дворца – пышное зрелище, привлекающее внимание не только туристов, но и жителей Лондона. 7) Собор Святого Павла – прекрасный образец архитектуры эпохи Возрождения. 8) Биг Бен – это название колокола на одной из башен Британского парламента. 9). В течение многих столетий Тауэр был крепостью, дворцом, тюрьмой и королевской сокровищницей. 10) В Гайд- парке туристы могут прогуляться вдоль тенистых аллей, посидеть на траве и посмотреть на прекрасных лебедей и уток, плавающих в пруду.
B.1).В самом центре Сити, напротив главного банка Англии, стоит статуя Веллингтона - знаменитого английского генерала и государственного деятеля XIX в. Под его командованием английские войска совместно со своими союзниками (allies) нанесли поражение армии Наполеона под Ватерлоо в 1815г. Мост Ватерлоо, один из красивейших мостов через Темзу, был назван так в честь этой победы. 2). Мэлл (The Mall) - это широкий проспект, обсаженный деревьями, ведущий от Трафальгарской площади к Букингемскому дворцу - резиденции английских королей. Напротив дворца стоит огромный памятник со статуей Победы наверху. Этот памятник был воздвигнут в честь королевы Виктории, чье шестидесятичетырехлетнее царствование (reign) было самым продолжительном в истории (1837-1901).
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